ORA-01555 Snapshot Too Old
The ORA-01555 is caused by Oracle read consistency mechanism. If you have a long running SQL that starts at 10:30 AM, Oracle ensures that all rows are as they appeared at 10:30 AM, even if the query runs until noon! Oracles does this by reading the "before image" of changed rows from the online undo segments. If you have lots of updates, long running SQL and too small UNDO, the ORA-01555 error will appear.
From the docs we see that the ORA-01555 error relates to insufficient undo storage or a too small value for the undo_retention parameter:
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number string with name "string" too small
Cause: Rollback records needed by a reader for consistent read are overwritten by other writers.
Action: If in Automatic Undo Management mode, increase the setting of UNDO_RETENTION. Otherwise, use larger rollback segments.
Click here to read : how to set optimal value for undo retention and undo tablespace size
If you are facing following error for the below query, then do the my suggested action plan. I rectified the issue in same way.